2. Global Language & Digits

150119 Names in Digital Order

NDO (Names in Digital Order) – I think this can be compared with an acronym called NO, Numbered Order. NDO is very important, because the first set of one digit name determines all the names we have in the following sets, which are 2 digit-, 3 digit-, 4 digit- or 5 digit- names.  We can go on to 6 digit names, I don’t know how many digits you can put in a name.  In other words, by the time you get to 4 or 5 digits, naming is in extreme detail. For any subject if you get 4 or 5 digit names, that is a very efficient way to name things.  Almost all languages start with names, so the names are very important thing to grasp, and so is how to name things.  That’s a base of identity when we want to associate with anything else.

NO (Numbered Order) starts with 1. There is a long list of names in NO, but the capacity of names in NDO is greater than NO.  For example, chemistry caught my interest because of its  history of the digit order, ie. the table of elements in chemistry.   It has been a long discussion among philosophers like Aristoteles with Plato. It took years and they got deeply into discussion on how you name things in terms of what is most elemental.  They used the word element.  What is the most elemental to start with names of anything.  1 digit name is named with 10 symbols.   If it starts with 1, it has 9 symbols, 1, 2, 3, 4, … to 9.  If it stars with 0, it has 10.  But 0 has to proceed 1, before you can use it in terms of names.  I became involved in this, when I was working with Siriwan in terms of naming the body parts. We came up with hundreds of names when we tried to name in detail.  We started with 0, and we had to differentiate what we counted with, eg 000102.If you have 0, the second digit can be also 0. If you like, just have 00123 or you can start with 101. We decided that the names of any part of the body system start with 1. Therefore if it is related to a body system, it will be body system 1, body system 2, body system 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9.  I was driven to make it easy to learn and easy to use.  That was our primary aim.  We had to start with something easy to learn and easy to use in health records and health care which can be used in hospitals and clinics very widely.  But at this time, medical schools and dental schools widely use other languages with long words, and digits provide short words that fit well in records.  Words we learn in schools are in Latin, Greek and all the translations including Chinese, Japanese and so forth that the words just don’t fit in any long-term records.  And we need long-term records in health care that goes beyond the life, and what an epidemiologist reviews could be a life time of any one person.  They can use the data beyond that, especially if we go into a global data base which is called GDB.  GDB can be Global Data Bank or Global Data Base. It is why I got heavily involved in when we start with number 1, and when we start with number 0.  We were looking at other examples, and two days ago I heard that there were names of digits for the elements of chemistry.  There are lots of names there, and the history goes way back when Aristoteles and Plato were involved in identifying the elements, and two stages come up in modern times.  That’s a field of science.  I think it is important that we build this into our website update of 2015, and I’m confused in the name of digits for naming the date (in the Western way).  I think we are numbering things in the wrong way in dates from the stand point of mathematics theory.

If the numbering system starts with 1, it will be given that it is a numbered order, and a question is what is a limit. If it is a 1 digit name, and starts with 1, you number it to 9 names, 1, 2 ~9 because 10 is a 2 digits name. It is very useful to identify 1 digit names as compared with 2 digit- names and 3 digit- names, but if you start with numbered order, you are starting with 1 digit names as what you nominate to 9 names.  If you start with a numbered order with 0 as the first digit, you have a capability to have 10 names, or 0 can be introduction of another set of digits basically.  2 digits as which vs 00. The starting point is most difficult to grasp and handle, but we got involved, Siriwan and I, we decided to review anatomy books from where they learn body parts, we wanted to make it with what people are learning today, and what are most common as names we had. 0 is more gross part of the body, and if we go into naming only what’s in the body system that goes further in terms of detail. There is no 0 in the name of body system.  Body system 1 is “skin”, and we start with the top of the body to bottom, easy to learn order.

 

150603-1 Use of symbols and digits

WHO’s main interest is health records, because it’s what they can work with.   But if you are talking about control system in our stand point it is centered on finger control, because of the interests of surgeons primarily.  People who examine bodies, it is expressed as ta 0 – examination in our system.  The concept of 0 is absence of need of care.  But in use, 0 denotes examination in everyday word.  As it progresses towards 9, digits 1 – 9 represents at least one of the procedures of anything on human body.  For example, ta 1 denotes self care or control, we can take medicine ourselves.  So ta 0 and ta 1 are pretty much self care.  0 is collection of data, and 1 is provision of information.  They are both information related.  If we go to ta2, 3, 4, 5, they are beyond the information, and go into stages of needs for care.

The idea of digits replacing words in Latin, Greek, and English, ie. major western languages, they are something of mind twister for people who are used to big words. Professors in medical schools are accustomed with the big words, and they are the ones who might have interests in them.  But when we say let’s talk about this in digits, 0 to 9, they are only 10 of them.  They are 10 symbols.  English has 26 symbols.  German has two more symbols, 28 symbols they work with, so various languages have different numbers of symbols.  Chinese has certainly large numbers of symbols.  Before you master Chinese in both speech and print what you read, you have to learn about 2000 symbols at minimum I think, before you can work with the language.  Japanese is closely related to Chinese, and use both Chinese symbols called Kanji plus they have their own symbols called Kana symbols which are faster and easier to learn, and they have also Roman symbols of 26 which are symbols of English.  My reading is almost exclusively in 26 symbols of English, but more exclusive use in my life is 10 digits.  I’m sure I read digits more than I do English symbols today at my age.  If we have 10 digit symbols plus 26 English symbols that makes 36 symbols you work with.  I did learn that at early in schooling.  36 symbols were introduced in my age at 5.  I was in the school of Nebraska, and at all schools you have to learn those 36 symbols before you get out of school.  They are the tools for learning, and we use those tools in grammar or everything for pretty much rest of learning.  We are working with those tools all the way through primary school and higher school of learning.  But recent times, digits are becoming more and more important, because they indicate quality of all kinds.  They are fast and increasing in terms of use and dependence on digits are far more important than other languages.  We would use languages, and I am speaking right now in my mother tongue of English.  But if it becomes important in terms of data, something important, which would be an interest in global scope of concern, terms would probably in digits.  So if we are talking about being global, it’s going to be very big percent of dealing with 10 symbols of digits.  That’s what we have interest today, and moving that way.   What is a key to global knowledge, we have global knowledge framework that we put in years ago.  A key would be certainly 10 symbols of digits.  There might be something associated with that, the symbols like + and -, they are the symbols for that.  Most people know that simple symbols, + and – .  There are much confusion because – (minus) is seen as a dash line, but plus and minus are two simple marks that certainly fit with digits. That mean more or less. Also there are measurements and weights, temperatures, they are global.  Metric system has been adopted with exceptions of 2 or 3 nations officially.  One of them is a nation where I was born, which still remains without metric system. It is a big problem for those from US like me who go to another nation. Because they go outside the border of US to very likely a nation working with metric system.  If you cross the borders of US to adjacent countries, they have metric system, but it’s not been taught in US.  That’s a big problem because US is still campaigning to some extent, but they have to give it up soon or later anyway.  What symbol has a chance to be global?  I cannot claim this is a symbol that will be global.  I have much confidence that it’s hard to find anybody to replace digits that are used for other symbols today, although that happened rather recently. Because when I came to Japan and walked down the street, if I had to buy anything, the Chinese symbols were used.  I had to learn them quickly, because I couldn’t buy anything until I learned them.  I don’t have to learn them today, because I don’t think there are any stores in Japan that use those symbols, unless they might be connected, and they probably have been linked with digits, but now pretty much everything is in digits.   Roman numerals are used not only in US, but in Western countries widely.  I had to learn Roman alphabets,when I was a young student.  I don’t think they teach them anymore.  Not Roman alphabets, I mean Roman numbers.  Roman alphabets and Roman numbers are not the same thing at all.  Roman numbers are not very convenient to count with.  People in trade well know.  Trading people are quick to pick up the idea which is fastest way to count, and that’s why digits have prevailed. Because anybody who wants to cross borders and buys and sells anything, they are forced to use digits.  There are no other ways.  When they calculate, it takes a long time to calculate in Roman numerals or in Chinese numerals.  You can calculate very fast in digits.  It’s very important in our mind what is the symbols we calculate with or compute with and of course computer is a main word today.

 

150806-2 Digits in table

mi and me, ie. our jargons, can be seen as acronyms, and can be expressed in a table. If it is in a table, people can read it.  A table is all in digits, but the columns are identified with subjects.  For example, if you are linking health oriented index with body parts, names of body parts are in one column when you read it, but the order of the columns is very important, because when we read it, we read either from up to down or left to right.  So we are interested in what order they are placed in.  That’s one of the reasons for digits.  There are 3 usages of digits – Name/Label, Order, Measure/Measurement.

 

150810-2 Symbols used in languages and digits

A language is identified with a set of symbols. Numbers of symbols can range in a language in a quite large extent. For example, the language of English has 26 symbols.  We go nowhere with English, unless we learn those 26 symbols of English, so that’s the starting point to read. If we assign sound of each of the symbols, but since the language has 26 symbols, assigning sounds for that would not be useful.   Let say Japanese for example, how many symbols we have to learn to say we are able to claim that we know Japanese language.  There are kana symbols around 50 plus or minus, and there are 2 sets of that for writing – hiragana and katakana, and then there are kanji (Chinese characters) of around 1800 symbols at minimum, so, with the two, you have between 1800 and 2000 symbols that we must be able to read and speak if we claim to know Japanese.  Chinese has many symbols, too.  Probably the most useful language that has a chance to be global is the numbers or digits.  They have been widely used already in the fields of science and technology.   Engineers are using the symbols widely.  They are ten symbols of digits, that are 0, 1, 2, ….9 as are spoken.    This has the best chance to become a global language.  We are working on them, trying to see how far we can go.  The first step is to have rules for speaking them.  Everything has to be easy to learn and easy to use, and has to fit in any tables we have, especially in the field of science and tech.   We can rule out subjects we learn, when we are children.  Our inter-personal expressions are not for global use.  If it is global, it has to be impersonal.  Global language basically deals with the subjects of science and tech.  It has been used already in those fields, and many examples exist.  What can we do on our website to further move this along in terms of establishing a global language?  It is a basic subject, because it is so much needed today.  Internet and web certainly stimulate an interest in this.  There are basic questions and answers there, but so far there is no identity that I know of for a global language that can be both read and spoken, even though, effectively in reading, it already exists.

 

150715  Inter-personal words are not for global language

We have a set of hyperlinks in NDO, and we also have menus which are introduced on the front page. So, right from the front page, it is indicating it is highly oriented to use of digits, and people will immediately find out that we have lots of things in digital order.  We are also campaigning for short terms in English.  Digits should be seen as labels in pictures, graphics and pictographic.  That is the first translation or a linkage to that form.  When we go next to regional languages and what we are familiar with, it is the mother tongue of English.  So we are using English for this one , but we have to think if it is global. We have to be linkable to other regional languages, but it is secondary.  If it is global, it means we can minimize the need for translating to regional languages and interpretations to regional languages.  So-called global language would be something which everyone is familiar with.  The language we learn from the time of baby and terms that don’t fit with global use.  Baby talk we learn with a young mother is inter-personal, but “global terms” would be quite impersonal.  For example, there is no use to try to translate inter-personal terms such as ‘I love you’ into global language.  Inter-personal words are ruled out, but there are lots of inter-personal terms we learn as young children from parents and people who are close to us.  There are many examples of what should be included or can be included in global language and not included.  Broadly speaking we are trying to find inter-personal language.  ‘I’, ‘you’ or ‘we’ are two key words in English we use as inter-personal, and they are widely used short words, but I can’t think of anything in global language.  Long in the future, if somebody wants to do it, I suppose we won’t say to put in our website.  I view inter-personal words don’t have potential to be global.  If it has no potential to be global, then we say it’s not going to be global.  Regional languages have many words, but when we translate them into global language, many of them will be deleted when we go to global.  In my campaign for global language, it is rather irritating that some people come up with those inter-personal words, and want them to be translated into global language.  Mostly they are spoken, but not in print.

 

150527  mi-me – a starting point of global/glocal health care – Part 1

A problem was sent by WHO many years ago, when I had the group called HPI (Human Performance Institute) at that time. Our institute was introduced to WHO, and they had two reasons for their interest.  HPI was centered on broadly called clinical skill that was the interest of the group at starting point, and what content of space of any clinics and settings matches skills or matches the natural uses of body.  We called natural use of body ‘mi’, and when we talk about setting, we call it ‘me’.  They became our jargons that nobody else outside of our small group understood.  It’s a matter of linkage.  We were focused on mi-me linkage at that time, and somebody took much interest in it, because it was the basis of design of our clinic.  This offended a number of people with habits, because if it went far enough, the habits in the clinic won’t exist. Because the principle is so clear that you cannot see habits. Habits are seen as difference between behavior patterns and work. If everybody is working in the same way and the same pattern, so we come up with what is a key to all habits in clinics.  We pursued that, and decided all clinics and hospitals are designed first for a horizontal position as a reference of rest, and any other positions are not seen as most natural or a reference position.  So we always designed with what is natural or reference.  Other position would be positions for activity, and when we are alert, awake, or at attention with interests.   Horizontal position is primarily identified as sleeping position, and we spend much of our life in that position and big percent of it.  And then upright, we call a balanced upright position.  For human beings balance is a big problem, because we have to always work with assumption on 2 legs, and have to balance a pretty heavy body and a head on those two legs and also arms and fingers and hands reaching from that.  With those variables, we have in terms of position, we have to be able to always maintain our balance.  It’s a key thing within a body.  That is a reference we work with in the name of “mi” and “me”.  Everything in a clinic or hospital is designed with the rule.  This is what we are talking about in Glocal Healthcare System.  Primarily all the clinics and hospitals have to be designed or specified ideally and can be done.  With the website we have today its potential looks very possible.  It did not exist at the time when WHO assigned to HPI.  At that time I had lots of money at hand, and we didn’t ask for money from WHO because I didn’t need it.  So we were seen as a think tank of no cost to WHO, so they were sending problems for us to answer.

150527 mi-me – a starting point of global/glocal health care – Part 2

One problem they sent which is really relevant to what we need in glocal health care system is, it was early stage of use of computers, and WHO was really excited about how far we can go. It was early age of computers.  So the key to start with, in the name of “glocal” and identify what is “global”, it would be centered on Global data-info Bank – input is data and output is info.  What kind of information is the output?   The best I can think of in words we have today is “prescription options”. We can store all of the prescriptions that are given to any one patient, they may be useless, but what is important is it’s possible for us to store all prescription options.  There is a big difference between prescription options and working prescriptions.  A working prescription is something that a patient is informed, accepted and finally understood.  Patient should be well informed, but there are some cases that patients cannot understand because they are very ill, have mental problems or don’t have mental capacity to handle it.  So we cannot say we cover 100% of people.  We have to make a table for global prescriptions.  Tables are generally a linkage, and links 2 sets of information and see what the output from that.  When you have linkages, you see new insights.  The name of an element per se alone has a little use or meaning, but linkage with another element and perhaps in turn that combination can be linked with another set, and there are linkages of sets.  So the contents of this bank are identified as Glocal.  Here we have all the information coming from all places in the world coming into the bank. This is what we prescribed, and this is a given or what is identified is true and it’s best expressed in the simplest way possible.  WHO has adopted the words that are used by pathologists and they have lots of big words. They identify body problems of some sort.  We can have many names for disorders, and many synonyms exist and it is very confusing.  Many of them are big words.  If you want to see some samples of that, you can look at websites very easily rather than go to a pathology book.  It takes lots of short terms, and probably the shortest we can find is terms called NDO – Names in Digital Order, adopted acronyms.  DON, Digital Order of Names, the same letters can be changed in different order, is better, when you speak it as you can speak it as word.  For NDO we have to speak each letter, but we can speak DON as a word.  It will spread the use of it much faster.  So I prefer DON to NDO.

150527- mi-me – a starging point of global/glocal health care – Part 3

And then it raises a next question. Who can be candidates for designing it. Right now they would come from different fields that are close to WHO.   WHO to me is not a reference organization, and it belongs to UN.  I don’t think UN can handle this, and it has to be a global organization which is not dealing with problems that UN primarily deals with now, ie. nations’ conflicts.   This is a matter of dealing with personal health, safety and ability basically, and it doesn’t seem to match with problems of so called nation’s security.  So it has to be an independent organization.  If it is not in UN, how can it be identified?  I think what EU is attempting is a better track to go with.  2 moves are taking place, moving towards getting global unity of some sort.   UN is well established and highly organized, and EU is another, and I prefer to link with an organization that already exists, so we can move faster.  I propose to go with EU.  EU is only in Europe, but this will be GU, Global Union.  That’s a lot of nations, but when people go that far, they say that can be expanded in the same context of reasons for moving on.  They’ve done a lot already, licensing established in EU can be extended to GU.  The key would be identified with the Data/Info Bank. One of the first questions came from a person from US. Who pays for this?  The first question is what you pays for?  That is one of the questions I intend to mention here.  Who pays for the website?  You’ve got to have some funds to be able to get connected with the website.  You have to access to a computer, whether you own a computer.  Who is going to pay for the computer?  But now a computer becomes very low cost, it’s just a unit of memory.  It’s a small package now, and the cost of them have become much less than before. So global demands would exist for maintenance and restoration of health.    Everyone has potential of having health problems, everyone on earth.  They might perceive it, ie. they can perceive ‘yes, I can have a problem.’  Or they have a small problem, and it gets worsened that stimulates their interests.  It is a field of global concern.  It’s maintenance and restoration of health.

150527 mi-me – a starting point of global/glocal health care – Part 4

It’s primarily identified with settings of clinics and hospitals. There will be many, many questions asked and we’ve got be ready to find best answers to them.  One expected question would be what characterizes healthcare settings.   Are they all public or privately owned or they can have a choice of either?  There are reasons to have them completely public.  Public health can be best understood in context of “global”.  Global public is the final public we can work with.  Nation publics are limited to the borders of nations, and rules they have within the nation.  Up to now that is the maximum they have in terms of public.  Nations do have public services, but limited to the particular nation.  What is the best features that exist today to be built into global?  We have to have criteria that analyze it.  And who does this?  Who is going to determine what data and what form is going to be in?  This time I would say people who have diplomas in public health have lots of materials on this.  They have to study statistics, and they have to study what public really is.  When they expand public health from nation public to global public, that is a mind twister for a while, but they can easily conceive what global public can be.

150527 mi-me – a starting point of global/glocal health care – Part  5

I first gave a talk on this many, many years ago. That was way back. I can recall Reagan was the President that time, so that must be way back when.  That was given, because people was very much complaining about what he proposed as nation.  People in the group were sent to me from US.  I was in Thailand and the meeting took place in Thailand.  WHO arranged the meeting, and the people they sent were deans of most of the public schools, certainly the major ones.  I had to give a lecture or presentation to the US deans of public health of public schools.  Many of the questions were based on pain, because they were involved in that.  But my talk was what is global public and how we identify it.  It was so many years ago and I must be hung up on this word ‘global’ for much of my life, and when I got involved in, because the key word was global, but it has to link with glocal, that came in.  Glocal is better, simply because people can understand what is local but they can understand global.  So put those two terms together as one word.  Most people can understand it, I can’t say everybody on earth, so I’d better say most people or big percent of people if we can claim more than 50%.  I do feel it has strong potential for being understood, once we clearly identify what’s a relation between global and local.  That would be useful at that time that my word was only global, it was not linking global and local.  People came who represented public health in the United States was mostly thinking about the nation. That raises a question that a nation is local.  I don’t think we’d better include a nation as local.  They have a quite different emphasis for reasons for existence, and their borders are provably changing rather rapidly, like EU as an example.  There are many nations within EU, but now it is organized to move as a group.  Probably in a few years they will have lots of things to do, and they have lots of problems to deal with, but their problems are moving towards global direction.  It is the EU policy, but not a policy of France, Germany, Greek and so forth.  One of the immediate problems right now is what is going to be units of currency, who’s currency.  When it comes to medium of exchange, they have proposed Euros, and are working hard on it, so that Euro is the unit of currency.  That is being matched with another widely used unit of currency.  At this time it’s been compared closely with US dollars.   China is coming very strong with their own unit of currency, and there is going to be a big fight over unit of currency.  And we find Japan is, or the current ruler of Japan who has a strong feeling of having a contest with China, and what China comes up with and Japan comes up with something to compete with it.  There is always a feeling of competition.  There can be no feeling of competition in where global is.  It all has to be only cooperation.

 

150915  “mi-me” and “ta-ma”

Ability goes beyond health, and is very much affected by our setting of working. Ability can be limited by the setting, or can be fit with the setting.  If we have a clinic which is a setting and a person has ability to think beyond this, and we may have the symbols and digits that fit with it, and ability to understand that.  We have a group that studied this, and have much ability to handle it.  But right now we have a conflict with companies. We see some threat to the future whose goods they make don’t fit with the ability of people.  “mi-me” would be the subject of ability, I think.  But “ta-ma” we have different orientation that is health oriented index and broader.  In terms of order of introduction, names of body parts and digits can be learned rather easily, and simple ones can be introduced because of course we have hundreds of them already.  They can be reviewed by a committee assigned to this.  But names of body disorders have not been assigned.   We are looking into all the text books to find one that fits with one-digit set.  It seems that people specialize in body disorders don’t have a sense of order in terms of digital order.  One-digit set is necessary before we can go further.  I am asking anyone who has a proposal for one-digital set. We are open to any proposals.